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The Hygienic Laboratory of the Marine Hospital Service
Bacteriologist Joseph Kinyoun sets up a one-room laboratory – the Hygienic Laboratory – on the second floor of the Marine Hospital Service facility on Staten Island, to investigate causes of infectious disease. Applying methods borrowed from Robert Koch, with whom he studied in Germany, Kinyoun isolates the cholera bacillus. In 1912, the Marine Hospital Service is renamed the Public Health Service. In 1930, the Hygienic Laboratory becomes the National Institute of Health.